Based on how the consumption of fruits, bananas are grouped into two classes, namely desks banana (dessert banana) and a banana if (plantain, cooking banana). Bananas are consumed in the form of fresh table after the ripe fruit, such as bananas, milk, king, a thousand, and sunripe. Bananas can be processed into various products, such as sale, cakes, or wine (in Latin America).
In addition to providing nutritional contribution higher than apples, bananas can also provide energy reserves quickly if necessary. Including when brain fatigue. Various kinds of snacks from bananas is relatively popular among other Lampung Banana Chips, Banana Sale (Dublin), Pisang Molen (Bogor), and epe (Makassar).
Bananas have excellent nutritional value, such as providing high energy compared to other fruits. Bananas are rich in minerals such as potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and calcium. Bananas also contain vitamins, namely C, B complex, B6, and serotonin is active as a neurotransmitter in the smooth functioning of the brain.
Energy value of bananas around 136 calories for every 100 grams, which as a whole comes from carbohydrates. Energy value of banana twice higher than apple. Apples with the same weight (100 grams) contains only 54 calories.
Carbohydrates provide energy bananas slightly slower than with sugar and syrup, but faster than rice, biscuits, and a type of bread. Therefore, many athletes during pauses or breaks eating bananas as an energy reserve.
Energy content of bananas is instant energy, which is readily available in a short time, making it useful in providing instantaneous calorie needs. Carbohydrates banana is a complex carbohydrate and a moderate available gradually, so as to provide energy in a time not too fast. Carbohydrates banana is an excellent energy reserves to use and can be quickly made available to the body.
Sugar banana is fruit sugar, is composed of fructose has a lower glycemic index than glucose, so pretty well as energy storage for a little more slowly metabolized. After working hard or think, always be drowsiness. This situation is a sign of the brain is deprived of energy, so that the biological activity also declined.
To carry out its activities, the brain requires energy in the form of glucose. Blood glucose is vital for the brain to function properly, such as expressed in the ability of memory. Glucose is mainly derived from the brain blood circulation due to glycogen as glucose reserves are very limited existence.
Blood glucose is mainly derived from carbohydrate food intake. Bananas are the best alternative for providing energy in a moment of rest or pause, when the brain is rapidly available energy needed for biological activity.
However, the content of protein and fat banana was not good and was very low, at only 2.3 percent and 0.13 percent. However, the fat and protein content of bananas are still higher than the apple, which is only 0.3 percent. Therefore, do not be afraid of obesity despite eating bananas in large quantities.
Bananas are rich in minerals such as potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, and iron. When compared to other vegetable foods, bananas minerals, especially iron, is almost entirely (100 percent) can be absorbed by the body. Based on dry weight, banana iron content reaches 2 milligrams per 100 grams and 0.8 mg zinc. Compare with apples, which only contains 0.2 mg of iron and 0.1 mg of zinc for the weight of 100 grams.
Very high vitamin content, especially provitamin A beta-carotene which, at 45 mg per 100 grams dry weight, while the apple is only 15 mg. Bananas also contain B vitamins, namely thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin B6 (piridoxin).
B6 bananas quite high, at 0.5 mg per 100 grams. In addition to functioning as a coenzyme for several reactions in metabolism, vitamin B6 plays a role in protein synthesis and metabolism, particularly serotonin. Serotonin is believed to play an active role as a neurotransmitter in the smooth functioning of the brain.
Vitamin B6 also plays a role in energy metabolism from carbohydrate. The role of vitamin B6 is clearly in favor of the availability of energy for the brain to daily activities.